Image for Artist Pietro Consagra

Pietro Consagra

Italian 1920-2005

Pietro Consagra was an Italian sculptor who played a significant role in the development of 20th-century Italian art. Born in Mazara del Vallo, Sicily, Consagra was associated with the art movement known as "Forma 1," which aimed to revive and redefine sculpture in post-World War II Italy. 

Consagra is best known for his abstract sculptures, which often explored geometric forms and spatial relationships. He rejected traditional notions of sculpture and sought to create works that were free from representational references. Consagra's sculptures focused on simplifying forms and emphasizing essential geometric shapes, resulting in clean, minimalist compositions.

One of Consagra's notable contributions to the art world was his concept of "open form" or "forma aperta." He believed that sculptures should not be enclosed objects but rather create an open space within themselves, allowing the surrounding environment to interact with the artwork. Consagra's open forms challenged the notion of sculpture as a static object and encouraged a dynamic engagement between the artwork and its surroundings.

Consagra experimented with various materials in his sculptures, including bronze, iron, marble, and terracotta. He employed different techniques such as carving, casting, and assembling to create his abstract forms. Consagra's approach to materials and techniques showcased his technical skill and versatility as a sculptor.

Consagra's artistic achievements brought him international recognition. He exhibited his work extensively in Italy and abroad, participating in major art events and representing Italy in international exhibitions such as the Venice Biennale. Consagra's sculptures are housed in renowned museums including The Guggenheim and in collections worldwide.

Image: Paola Severi Michelangeli via Wikimedia Commons